What is the hyperloop train?

A Hyperloop train is a proposed mode of transport for the passenger as well as freight.  In the future, it will be the fastest mode of transportation, in which passengers can travel at a speed of 760 miles/hr i.e. 1200km/hr approx. in floating pods inside a low-pressure tube. Hyperloop is an open source project currently, it is in the development phase and a number of companies are working on it.

In this blog, you will get all the detailed information about Hyperloop. To know about Hyperloop in short click here… Hyperloop future of transportation.

The concept of Hyperloop train and technology

Elon Musk’s version of the concept, first publicly mentioned in 2012, in which pressurized capsules ride on air bearings driven by linear induction motors and axial compressors.

The Hyperloop train concept operates by sending specially designed “capsules” or “pods” through a steel tube maintained at a partial vacuum. In the original concept of Musk, each capsule floats on a 0.02–0.05 in (0.5–1.3 mm) layer of air. Hyperloop One’s technology uses Linear induction motors located along the tube would accelerate and decelerate the capsule to the appropriate speed for each section of the tube route. In Musk’s original Hyperloop concept, an electrically driven inlet fan and axial compressor would be placed at the nose of the capsule to “actively transfer high-pressure air from the front to the rear of the vessel”, resolving the problem of air pressure building in front of the vehicle, which can be a great hurdle in achieving such a high speed. This air will pass through the fringes of the pod, due to which air will pass by elevating the pod and providing the air lubrication. 

How fast can hyperloop go?

The Hyperloop Alpha concept was first published in August 2013 by Elon Musk, proposing and examining a route running from the Los Angeles region to the San Francisco Bay Area, roughly following the Interstate 5 corridor. The paper conceived of a hyperloop system that would propel passengers along the 350-mile (560 km) route at a speed of 760 mph (1,200 km/h), allowing for a travel time of 35 minutes, which is considerably faster than current rail or air travel times.

Working of hyperloop

It works on some basic concepts of electromagnetism and mechanics. Its answer consists of the following two questions.

hyperloop newsHow does a Hyperloop tube work?

The basic idea of Hyperloop is that the passenger pods or capsules travel through a tube, either above or below ground. Overcoming air resistance is one of the biggest wastage of energy in high-speed transportation. Airliners climb to high altitudes to travel through the less dense air; in order to create a similar effect at ground level, Hyperloop encloses the capsules in a reduced-pressure tube, effectively allowing the trains to travel at aeroplane speeds but on the ground.

In Musk’s model, the pressure of the air inside the Hyperloop tube is about one-sixth the pressure of the atmosphere on Mars. This means an operating pressure of 100 pascals, which reduces the drag force of the air by 1,000 times relative to sea level conditions and would be equivalent to flying above 150,000 feet altitude.

How do Hyperloop capsules work?

In the Musk’s model, the Hyperloop capsules float above the tube’s surface on a set of 28 air-bearing skis, similar to the way that the puck floats just above the table on an air hockey game. The major difference is that it is a pod, not the track, that generates the air cushion in order to keep the tube as simple and cheap as possible. Other versions of Hyperloop use magnetic levitation rather than air skis to keep the passenger pods off the tracks.

The pod would get its initial velocity from an external linear electric motor, which would accelerate it to ‘high subsonic velocity’ and then give it a boost every 70 miles or so; in between, the pod would coast along in near vacuum. Initially, each capsule could carry 28 passengers, other versions aim to carry up to 40 plus some luggage; another version of the pods could carry cargo and vehicles. Pods would depart every two minutes or every 30 seconds at peak usage.

How hyperloop will be powered

The pods will get its initial velocity from an external linear motor, effectively around induction motor. Under the Elon Musk’s proposed model the Hyperloop would be powered by solar panels placed on the top of the tube which could generate more energy than it needed for operation.

How much will hyperloop cost?

It’s estimated a cost of route (proposed) between Los Angeles and San Francisco will cost around $20 each way for a passenger for the distance of 560 km.

Preliminary cost estimation by Elon Musk for this proposed route between Los Angeles–San Francisco may cost around $6 billion for an only passenger version and $7.5 billion for a larger dimension version which can transport passenger and vehicles. However many analysts had doubts that it Hyperloop will be several billion dollars over budget while taking into consideration construction, development and operation cost. Although it has a very minimal maintenance cost and running cost.

How many companies are working on Hyperloop

As hyperloop is an open source project same as Linux and Android, therefore anyone willing to make hyperloop can work on it currently there are 7-8 major companies are working on it.

  1. Virgin hyperloop one

    Virgin Hyperloop One also formerly known as Hyperloop One, and before that, Hyperloop Technologies was incorporated in 2014 and has built a team of 280 members including engineers, technicians, welders, and machinists. The company has raised more than US$160 million funds from investors like DP WorldSherpa CapitalFormation 8, 137 Ventures, Caspian Venture Capital, Fast Digital, GE Ventures, and SNCF.

    Hyperloop One was founded by Shervin Pishevar and Brogan BamBrogan.BamBrogan left the company in July 2016, along with three of the other founding members of Arrivo. Hyperloop One then selected Josh Giegel, a former SpaceX engineer, to be a co-founder. Hyperloop One has a 75,000-square foot Innovation Campus in downtown Los Angelos and a 100,000-square foot machine and tooling shop in North Las Vegas. By 2017, it had completed 500m Loop in North Las Vegas, Nevada.

    In India on February 2018, Virgin Hyperloop One signed a framework agreement with the Maharashtra government to connect Mumbai and Pune. This deal aims for a commercial hyperloop line operational by 2025. It plans a 10km demonstration track ready for certification between 2021 and 2022.

  2. Hyperloop Transportation Technology

Hyperloop Transportation Technologies (HTT) was a group of more than 800 engineers and professionals located around the world. Some collaborate part-time; others are full-time employees and contributors. Some members are full-time paid employees; others work in exchange for salary and stock options.

 3. TransPod

TransPod Inc. is a Canadian company designing and manufacturing ultra-high-speed tube transportation technology and vehicles. In November 2016 TransPod raised a $15 million USD seed round from Angelo Investments, an Italian high-tech holding group, specializing in advanced technologies for the railway, space, and aviation industries.

 4. DGWHyperloop

This company was established in 2015, DGWHyperloop is a subsidiary of Dinclix GroundWorks, an engineering company based in Indore, India. DGWHyperloop’s initial proposals include a Hyperloop-based corridor between Delhi and Mumbai called the Delhi Mumbai Hyperloop Corridor (DMHC). The company has partnered with many government agencies, private companies, and institutions for its research on Hyperloop. DGWHyperloop is the only Indian company working on implementing the Hyperloop system across the nation.

The other companies are:-

5. Arrivo

6. Hardt global mobility

7. Hyper Chariot

8. Zeleros

Proposed Routes of Hyperloop

India:- Hyperloop-one has given its two routes to India, which will be connecting three states the routes are:-

United States:-The route suggested in the 2013 alpha-level design document was from the Greater Los Angeles Area to the San Francisco Bay Area. That conceptual system would begin around Sylmar, just south of the Tejon Pass, follow Interstate 5 to the north, and arrive near Hayward on the east side of San Francisco Bay. Several proposed branches were also shown in the design document, including Sacramento, Anaheim, San Diego, and Las Vegas.

 

There are many other proposed routes around the world for that you can visit Wikipedia.

for the summarised view of this context click here…

you can also visit the following sites through the important links are provided along with the article.

  1. https://www.zdnet.com/article/what-is-hyperloop-everything-you-need-to-know-about-the-future-of-transport/
  2. https://www.inverse.com/article/30029-hyperloop-one-11-routes-across-the-united-states
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyperloop

1 COMMENT

  1. What do you guys think when this Hyperloop will start its working? Will it be completed on or before its given deadline of 2022-23.
    Share your ideas with us…

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